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Self-Management of Idiopathic Adhesive Capsulitis: A Case Report - pdf

Balance & Elderly

1. Runge M, Rehfeld G, Resnicek E. Balance training and exercise in geriatric patients. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2000;1(1):61-65.  

2. Milton JG, Ohira T, Cabrera JL, et al. Balancing with Vibration: A Prelude for “Drift and Act” Balance Control. PLoS ONE. 2009;4(10):e7427.  

3. Courtine G, Pozzo T, Lucas B, Schieppati M. Continuous, bilateral Achilles' tendon vibration is not detrimental to human walk. Brain Res. Bull. 2001;55(1):107-115.  

4. Torvinen S, Kannu P, Sievänen H, et al. Effect of a vibration exposure on muscular performance and body balance. Randomized cross-over study. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2002;22(2):145-152.  

5. Brumagne S, Lysens R, Swinnen S, Verschueren S. Effect of paraspinal muscle vibration on position sense of the lumbosacral spine. Spine. 1999;24(13):1328-1331.  

6. Rees SS, Murphy AJ, Watsford ML. Effects of Whole-Body Vibration Exercise on Lower-Extremity Muscle Strength and Power in an Older Population: A Randomized Clinical Trial. PHYS THER. 2008;88(4):462-470.  

7. Iwamoto J, Otaka Y, Kudo K, et al. Efficacy of training program for ambulatory competence in elderly women. Keio J Med. 2004;53(2):85-89.  

8. Heinonen A, Kannus P, Sievänen H, et al. Good maintenance of high-impact activity-induced bone gain by voluntary, unsupervised exercises: An 8-month follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. J. Bone Miner. Res. 1999;14(1):125-128.  

9. Polónyová A, Hlavacka F. Human postural responses to different frequency vibrations of lower leg muscles. Physiol Res. 2001;50(4):405-410.  

10. Smetanin BN, Popov KE, Kozhina GV. Human Postural Responses to Vibratory Stimulation of Calf Muscles under Conditions of Visual Inversion. Human Physiology. 2002;28(5):556-560.  

11. Rubin CT, Sommerfeldt DW, Judex S, Qin Y. Inhibition of osteopenia by low magnitude, high-frequency mechanical stimuli. Drug Discovery Today. 2001;6(16):848-858.  

12. Fontana TL, Richardson CA, Stanton WR. The effect of weight-bearing exercise with low frequency, whole body vibration on lumbosacral proprioception: a pilot study on normal subjects. Aust J Physiother. 2005;51(4):259-263.  

13. Bautmans I, Van Hees E, Lemper J, Mets T. The feasibility of Whole Body Vibration in institutionalised elderly persons and its influence on muscle performance, balance and mobility: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Geriatr. 2005;5:17.  

Blood Circulation

1. Maikala R, King S, Bhambhani Y. Acute physiological responses in healthy men during whole-body vibration. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. 2006;79(2):103-114.  

2. Maikala RV, King S, Bhambhani YN. Cerebral oxygenation and blood volume responses to seated whole-body vibration. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 2005;95(5-6):447-453.  

3. Lohman EB, Petrofsky JS, Maloney-Hinds C, Betts-Schwab H, Thorpe D. The effect of whole body vibration on lower extremity skin blood flow in normal subjects. Med. Sci. Monit. 2007;13(2):CR71-76.  

4. Kerschan-Schindl K, Grampp S, Henk C, et al. Whole-body vibration exercise leads to alterations in muscle blood volume. Clin Physiol. 2001;21(3):377-382.  



2. Torvinen S. Effect of Whole Body Vibration on Muscular Performance, balance, and Bone. 2003.  

3. Schiessl H, Frost HM, Jee WS. Estrogen and bone-muscle strength and mass relationships. Bone. 1998;22(1):1-6.  

4. Rubin C, Judex S, Qin Y. Low-level mechanical signals and their potential as a non-pharmacological intervention for osteoporosis. Age Ageing. 2006;35 Suppl 2:ii32-ii36.  

5. Turner CH, Pavalko FM. Mechanotransduction and functional response of the skeleton to physical stress: the mechanisms and mechanics of bone adaptation. J Orthop Sci. 1998;3(6):346-355.  

6. Stengel SV, Kemmler W, Pintag R, et al. Power training is more effective than strength training for maintaining bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. J Appl Physiol. 2005;99(1):181-188.  

7. RUBIN C, XU G, JUDEX S. The anabolic activity of bone tissue, suppressed by disuse, is normalized by brief exposure to extremely low-magnitude mechanical stimuli. FASEB J. 2001;15(12):2225-2229.  

8. Liphardt A, Mündermann A, Koo S, et al. Vibration training intervention to maintain cartilage thickness and serum concentrations of cartilage oligometric matrix protein (COMP) during immobilization. Osteoarthr. Cartil. 2009;17(12):1598-1603.  


1. Clinton Rubin. A Biomechanical Countermeasure for Disuse Osteopenia. 2001. Available at: Life Sciences Data Archive, Johnson Space Center, Houston TX..

2. Rubin C, Turner AS, Bain S, Mallinckrodt C, McLeod K. Anabolism. Low mechanical signals strengthen long bones. Nature. 2001;412(6847):603-604.  

3. Bruyere O, Wuidart M, Di Palma E, et al. Controlled whole body vibration to decrease fall risk and improve health-related quality of life of nursing home residents. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005;86(2):303-307.  

4. Verschueren SMP, Roelants M, Delecluse C, et al. Effect of 6-month whole body vibration training on hip density, muscle strength, and postural control in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled pilot study. J. Bone Miner. Res. 2004;19(3):352-359.  

5. Schuhfried O, Mittermaier C, Jovanovic T, Pieber K, Paternostro-Sluga T. Effects of whole-body vibration in patients with multiple sclerosis: a pilot study. Clin Rehabil. 2005;19(8):834-842.  

6. Russo CR, Lauretani F, Bandinelli S, et al. High-frequency vibration training increases muscle power in postmenopausal women. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003;84(12):1854-1857.  


8. Patel MJ, Chang KH, Sykes MC, et al. Low Magnitude and High Frequency Mechanical Loading Prevents Decreased Bone Formation Responses of 2T3 Preosteoblasts. J Cell Biochem. 2009;106(2):306-316.  

9. Flieger J, Karachalios T, Khaldi L, Raptou P, Lyritis G. Mechanical stimulation in the form of vibration prevents postmenopausal bone loss in ovariectomized rats. Calcif. Tissue Int. 1998;63(6):510-514.  

10. Rubin C, Recker R, Cullen D, et al. Prevention of postmenopausal bone loss by a low-magnitude, high-frequency mechanical stimuli: a clinical trial assessing compliance, efficacy, and safety. J. Bone Miner. Res. 2004;19(3):343-351.  

11. Ishitake T, Miyazaki Y, Ando H, Matoba T. Suppressive mechanism of gastric motility by whole-body vibration. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 1999;72(7):469-474.  

12. Rubin C, Pope M, Fritton JC, et al. Transmissibility of 15-hertz to 35-hertz vibrations to the human hip and lumbar spine: determining the physiologic feasibility of delivering low-level anabolic mechanical stimuli to skeletal regions at greatest risk of fracture because of osteoporosis. Spine. 2003;28(23):2621-2627.  

13. Schyns F, Paul L, Finlay K, Ferguson C, Noble E. Vibration therapy in multiple sclerosis: a pilot study exploring its effects on tone, muscle force, sensation and functional performance. Clin Rehabil. 2009;23(9):771-781.  

14. Roelants M, Delecluse C, Verschueren SM. Whole-body-vibration training increases knee-extension strength and speed of movement in older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004;52(6):901-908.  


1. Perremans S, Randall JM, Rombouts G, Decuypere E, Geers R. Effect of whole-body vibration in the vertical axis on cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone levels in piglets. J. Anim Sci. 2001;79(4):975-981.  

2. Kvorning T, Bagger M, Caserotti P, Madsen K. Effects of vibration and resistance training on neuromuscular and hormonal measures. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 2006;96(5):615-625.  

3. Di Loreto C, Ranchelli A, Lucidi P, et al. Effects of whole-body vibration exercise on the endocrine system of healthy men. J. Endocrinol. Invest. 2004;27(4):323-327.  

4. Bosco C, Iacovelli M, Tsarpela O, et al. Hormonal responses to whole-body vibration in men. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 2000;81(6):449-454.  

5. Cardinale M, Pope MH. The effects of whole body vibration on humans: dangerous or advantageous? Acta Physiol Hung. 2003;90(3):195-206.  

Neuromuscular Effects

1. Rittweger J, Mutschelknauss M, Felsenberg D. Acute changes in neuromuscular excitability after exhaustive whole body vibration exercise as compared to exhaustion by squatting exercise. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2003;23(2):81-86.  

2. Rittweger J, Beller G, Felsenberg D. Acute physiological effects of exhaustive whole-body vibration exercise in man. Clin Physiol. 2000;20(2):134-142.  

3. Bosco C, Colli R, Introini E, et al. Adaptive responses of human skeletal muscle to vibration exposure. Clin Physiol. 1999;19(2):183-187.  

4. Lebedev MA, Poliakov AV. Analysis of the interference electromyogram of human soleus muscle after exposure to vibration. Neirofiziologiia. 1991;23(1):57-65.  

5. Torvinen S, Kannus P, Sievänen H, et al. Effect of 8-month vertical whole body vibration on bone, muscle performance, and body balance: a randomized controlled study. J. Bone Miner. Res. 2003;18(5):876-884.  

6. Brumagne S, Lysens R, Swinnen S, Verschueren S. Effect of paraspinal muscle vibration on position sense of the lumbosacral spine. Spine. 1999;24(13):1328-1331.  

7. Tous Fajardo J, Padullés Riu JM, Muñoz CJ, Vallejo L, Moras G. Electromyographic response during whole-body vibrations of different frequencies with progressive external loads. Available at: [Accessed March 1, 2010].

8. Cardinale M, Lim J. Electromyography activity of vastus lateralis muscle during whole-body vibrations of different frequencies. J Strength Cond Res. 2003;17(3):621-624.  

9. Schmidtbleicher D, Haas C. Mechanical stimulation in neuromuscular diseases.

10. John G. Gianutsos, Liisa C. Oakes, Vincent Siasoco, et al. Motor rehabilitation of spinal cord dysfunction by means of whole body vibration.  

11. Ribot-Ciscar E, Rossi-Durand C, Roll JP. Muscle spindle activity following muscle tendon vibration in man. Neurosci. Lett. 1998;258(3):147-150.  

12. Eklund G, Hagbarth KE. Normal variability of tonic vibration reflexes in man. Exp. Neurol. 1966;16(1):80-92.  

13. Heinz Kleinöder, Jörn Ziegler, Christian Bosse, Joachim Mester. Safety considerations in vibration training.

14. The effects of whole body vibration on reflex-induced standing in persons with chronic and acute spinal cord injury. 2000.

15. Rubin C, Pope M, Fritton JC, et al. Transmissibility of 15-hertz to 35-hertz vibrations to the human hip and lumbar spine: determining the physiologic feasibility of delivering low-level anabolic mechanical stimuli to skeletal regions at greatest risk of fracture because of osteoporosis. Spine. 2003;28(23):2621-2627.  

16. Abercromby AFJ, Amonette WE, Layne CS, et al. Variation in neuromuscular responses during acute whole-body vibration exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007;39(9):1642-1650.  

17. Abercromby AFJ, Amonette WE, Layne CS, et al. Vibration exposure and biodynamic responses during whole-body vibration training. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007;39(10):1794-1800.  

18. Ahlborg L, Andersson C, Julin P. Whole-body vibration training compared with resistance training: effect on spasticity, muscle strength and motor performance in adults with cerebral palsy. J Rehabil Med. 2006;38(5):302-308.  

19. Roelants M, Verschueren SMP, Delecluse C, Levin O, Stijnen V. Whole-body-vibration-induced increase in leg muscle activity during different squat exercises. J Strength Cond Res. 2006;20(1):124-129.  

Pain Therapy

1. Brumagne S, Lysens R, Swinnen S, Verschueren S. Effect of paraspinal muscle vibration on position sense of the lumbosacral spine. Spine. 1999;24(13):1328-1331.  

2. Rittweger J, Just K, Kautzsch K, Reeg P, Felsenberg D. Treatment of chronic lower back pain with lumbar extension and whole-body vibration exercise: a randomized controlled trial. Spine. 2002;27(17):1829-1834.  

Sport & Exercise

1. Issurin VB, Tenenbaum G. Acute and residual effects of vibratory stimulation on explosive strength in elite and amateur athletes. J Sports Sci. 1999;17(3):177-182.  

2. Rittweger J, Mutschelknauss M, Felsenberg D. Acute changes in neuromuscular excitability after exhaustive whole body vibration exercise as compared to exhaustion by squatting exercise. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2003;23(2):81-86.  

3. Rønnestad BR. Acute effects of various whole-body vibration frequencies on lower-body power in trained and untrained subjects. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23(4):1309-1315.  

4. Cormie P, Deane RS, Triplett NT, McBride JM. Acute effects of whole-body vibration on muscle activity, strength, and power. J Strength Cond Res. 2006;20(2):257-261.  

5. Jacobs PL, Burns P. Acute enhancement of lower-extremity dynamic strength and flexibility with whole-body vibration. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23(1):51-57.  

6. Cochrane D, Stannard S. Acute whole body vibration training increases vertical jump and flexibility performance in elite female field hockey players. Br J Sports Med. 2005;39(11):860-865.  


8. Mester J, Spitzenfeil P, Schwarzer J, Seifriz F. Biological reaction to vibration--implications for sport. J Sci Med Sport. 1999;2(3):211-226.  

9. Wolkodoff N. Catch the vibe. Avid Golfer. 2007:37-38.

10. Rønnestad BR. Comparing the performance-enhancing effects of squats on a vibration platform with conventional squats in recreationally resistance-trained men. J Strength Cond Res. 2004;18(4):839-845.  

11. Torvinen S, Kannus P, Sievänen H, et al. Effect of four-month vertical whole body vibration on performance and balance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002;34(9):1523-1528.  

12. McBride JM, Porcari JP, Scheunke MD. Effect of vibration during fatiguing resistance exercise on subsequent muscle activity during maximal voluntary isometric contractions. J Strength Cond Res. 2004;18(4):777-781.  

13. Moran K, McNamara B, Luo J. Effect of vibration training in maximal effort (70% 1RM) dynamic bicep curls. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007;39(3):526-533.  

14. Issurin VB, Liebermann DG, Tenenbaum G. Effect of vibratory stimulation training on maximal force and flexibility. J Sports Sci. 1994;12(6):561-566.  

15. Annino G, Padua E, Castagna C, et al. Effect of whole body vibration training on lower limb performance in selected high-level ballet students. J Strength Cond Res. 2007;21(4):1072-6.  

16. Roelants M, Delecluse C, Goris M, Verschueren S. Effects of 24 weeks of whole body vibration training on body composition and muscle strength in untrained females. Int J Sports Med. 2004;25(1):1-5.  

17. Lamont HS, Cramer JT, Bemben DA, et al. Effects of 6 weeks of periodized squat training with or without whole-body vibration on short-term adaptations in jump performance within recreationally resistance trained men. J Strength Cond Res. 2008;22(6):1882-1893.  

18. Cochrane DJ, Hawke EJ. Effects of acute upper-body vibration on strength and power variables in climbers. J Strength Cond Res. 2007;21(2):527-531.  

19. Marín PJ, Rhea MR. Effects of vibration training on muscle strength: a meta-analysis. J Strength Cond Res. 2010;24(2):548-556.  

20. Delecluse C, Roelants M, Diels R, Koninckx E, Verschueren S. Effects of whole body vibration training on muscle strength and sprint performance in sprint-trained athletes. Int J Sports Med. 2005;26(8):662-668.  

21. Rittweger J, Belavy D, Hunek P, et al. Highly demanding resistive vibration exercise program is tolerated during 56 days of strict bed-rest. Int J Sports Med. 2006;27(7):553-559.  

22. Lorenzen C, Maschette W, Koh M, Wilson C. Inconsistent use of terminology in whole body vibration exercise research. J Sci Med Sport. 2009;12(6):676-678.  

23. Falempin M, In-Albon SF. Influence of brief daily tendon vibration on rat soleus muscle in non-weight-bearing situation. J Appl Physiol. 1999;87(1):3-9.  

24. Luo J, Clarke M, McNamara B, Moran K. Influence of resistance load on neuromuscular response to vibration training. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23(2):420-6.  

25. Bakhtiary AH, Safavi-Farokhi Z, Aminian-Far A. Influence of vibration on delayed onset of muscle soreness following eccentric exercise. Br J Sports Med. 2007;41(3):145-148.  

26. Da Silva ME, Fernandez JM, Castillo E, et al. Influence of vibration training on energy expenditure in active men. J Strength Cond Res. 2007;21(2):470-475.  

27. Furness TP, Maschette WE. Influence of whole body vibration platform frequency on neuromuscular performance of community-dwelling older adults. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23(5):1508-1513.  

28. Carmelo Bosco, Marco Cardinale, Elio Locatelli, Olga Tsarpela. NEW TRENDS IN TRAINING SCIENCE:

29. Adams JB, Edwards D, Serviette D, et al. Optimal frequency, displacement, duration, and recovery patterns to maximize power output following acute whole-body vibration. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23(1):237-245.  

30. Rittweger J, Schiessl H, Felsenberg D. Oxygen uptake during whole-body vibration exercise: comparison with squatting as a slow voluntary movement. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 2001;86(2):169-173.  

31. Pel J, Bagheri J, Dam LV, et al. Platform accelerations of three different whole-body vibration devices and the transmission of vertical vibrations to the lower limbs. Medical Engineering & Physics. Available at: [Accessed September 3, 2009].  

32. de Ruiter CJ, van der Linden RM, van der Zijden MJA, Hollander AP, de Haan A. Short-term effects of whole-body vibration on maximal voluntary isometric knee extensor force and rate of force rise. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 2003;88(4-5):472-475.  

33. Delecluse C, Roelants M, Verschueren S. Strength increase after whole-body vibration compared with resistance training. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35(6):1033-1041.  

34. M. CARDINALE, J. LIM. The acute effects of two different whole
body vibration frequencies on vertical jump performance. Med Sport. 2003;(56):287-92.  

35. de Ruiter CJ, Van Raak SM, Schilperoort JV, Hollander AP, de Haan A. The effects of 11 weeks whole body vibration training on jump height, contractile properties and activation of human knee extensors. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 2003;90(5-6):595-600.  

36. Edge J, Mündel T, Weir K, Cochrane DJ. The effects of acute whole body vibration as a recovery modality following high-intensity interval training in well-trained, middle-aged runners. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 2009;105(3):421-428.  

37. Garatachea N, Jiménez A, Bresciani G, et al. The effects of movement velocity during squatting on energy expenditure and substrate utilization in whole-body vibration. J Strength Cond Res. 2007;21(2):594-598.  

38. Marco Cardinale, C. Bosco, O. Tsarpela, R. Colli. The influence of whole body vibration on jumping performance. Biol Sport. 1998;15(3):157-164.  

39. Cochrane DJ, Legg SJ, Hooker MJ. The short-term effect of whole-body vibration training on vertical jump, sprint, and agility performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2004;18(4):828-832.  

40. McBride. Vibration Training and Athletic Performance.

41. Jordan MJ, Norris SR, Smith DJ, Herzog W. Vibration training: an overview of the area, training consequences, and future considerations. J Strength Cond Res. 2005;19(2):459-466.  

42. Mester J, Kleinoder H, Yue Z. Vibration training: benefits and risks. Journal of Biomechanics. 2006;39(6):1065, 1056.  

43. Wilcock IM, Whatman C, Harris N, Keogh JWL. Vibration training: could it enhance the strength, power, or speed of athletes? J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23(2):593-603.  

44. Issurin VB. Vibrations and their applications in sport. A review. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2005;45(3):324-336.  

45. WBV Therapy for Parkinson.

46. Dolny DG, Reyes GFC. Whole body vibration exercise: training and benefits. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2008;7(3):152-157.  

47. Savelberg HHC, Meier HA. Whole-Body Vibration Induced Adaptation in Knee Extensors; Consequences of Initial Strength, Vibration Frequency, and Joint Angle. Available at: [Accessed March 1, 2010].

Urinary Incontinence

1. Brumagne S, Lysens R, Swinnen S, Verschueren S. Effect of paraspinal muscle vibration on position sense of the lumbosacral spine. Spine. 1999;24(13):1328-1331.  

2. Heide SVD, Viereck V, Hilgers R, Emons G. Effect On Muscles Of Mechanical Vibrations Produced By The Galileo
2000 In Combination With Physical Therapy In Treating Female Stress
Urinary Incontinence. 2003.